A grandmother, who grew up during the Japanese occupation (1931-1941), says she has never had any dreams of her own.
Women's integration into the workforce was in line with the country's productive needs.
In Mao's era, nobody wanted to be a housewife; women had to be active in the public sphere," explained Wang Zheng.
The recent relaxation of the controversial one-child policy, which has existed for 33 years, was a first step to combat an ageing population.
President Xi Jinping has espoused his notion of a “Chinese Dream” ever since he stepped into power in October 2012, a term that went viral after his speech at the end of the Chinese legislative meetings known as the Two Sessions in March 2013.
Underrepresented and vulnerable to political crackdowns for speaking up against the government and its policies, feminists can easily be placed alongside dissident voices that are being pushed aside for not wanting to take part in Xi’s reformist dream.
Until recently, human rights activists and intellectuals kept the leadership busy but in 2013, a crackdown on social activists and the so-called “rumour mongers” online was launched as part of a campaign to silence questioning voices.
This dream emphasises the improvement the material lives of the citizens of the PRC and "rejuvenating the Chinese nation." But in Xi’s reformist dream, while men should man up, women should focus on taking care of the household and the family, which only goes to show how China’s leader is using traditional patriarchal ideas to help reinforce the autocratic power of a male-dominated state.
Xi made a speech during his “Southern Tour” noting that no man in China had had the strength to contest the disbandment of the Soviet Communist Party.
“Most women in power positions, namely with the ACWF, no longer belong to the generation of women fighting for social justice and equality, they’re not leaders because they’re activists; they’re bureaucrats,” said the teacher, admitting that the few good feminists with the ACWF can’t pull strings from within an association which has lost its credibility.“Meantime, young women have been profoundly affected by individualism and capitalist consumerism; they have no sense of collective goals or struggle,” explained the historian, saying that individualism is at its highest time.
“Many of them believe it’s easier to climb the social ladder or to marry a rich man.
there is no liberation of women without a fundamental restructuring of economic systems in which women's labor is not devalued compared to men's , resonates hugely today, and is an enormous issue in China as well as in countries across the globe, from Vietnam, to the US, Mexico and somehow everywhere."He-Yin Zhen's analysis of the ways in which global capitalism does not get rid of pre-existing social forms but instead of doing away with traditional family principles, uses those forms for its own purposes, is still absolutely true today," noted Karl.