Government officials and information technology security specialists have documented a significant increase in Internet problems and server scans since early 2001.But there is a growing concern among government agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) that such intrusions are part of an organized effort by cyberterrorists, foreign intelligence services, or other groups to map potential security holes in critical systems.In this context, the fraud will result in obtaining a benefit by: Other forms of fraud may be facilitated using computer systems, including bank fraud, carding, identity theft, extortion, and theft of classified information.
The extent to which these communications are unlawful varies greatly between countries, and even within nations.
It is a sensitive area in which the courts can become involved in arbitrating between groups with strong beliefs.
The content of websites and other electronic communications may be distasteful, obscene or offensive for a variety of reasons.
In some instances these communications may be legal.
Fearing that such attacks may become the norm in future warfare among nation-states, the concept of cyberspace operations impacts and will be adapted by warfighting military commanders in the future.
These crimes are committed by a selected group of criminals.
These crimes generally involve less technical expertise. The damage dealt is largely psychological and intangible, making legal action against the variants more difficult.
These are the crimes which have existed for centuries in the offline world.
According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, cyberextortionists are increasingly attacking corporate websites and networks, crippling their ability to operate and demanding payments to restore their service.
More than 20 cases are reported each month to the FBI and many go unreported in order to keep the victim's name out of the public domain. Department of Defense (Do D) notes that the cyberspace has emerged as a national-level concern through several recent events of geo-strategic significance.
Cyberextortion occurs when a website, e-mail server, or computer system is subjected to or threatened with repeated denial of service or other attacks by malicious hackers.