Intimate (Patriarchal) Terrorism may be defined as the systematic use of violence and other abusive behaviour to control a partner.
Violence in these types of relationships is generally frequent and escalates to severe violence.
Physical violence is often characterized as moderate or severe.
These are the most common forms of physical violence in dating relationships.
Studies indicate that dating violence can happen to anyone, regardless of age, race, sexual orientation, socio-economic status or location of residence.
It happens in both adolescent and adult relationships.
Violent Resistance occurs when violence is used against partners who are themselves violent and controlling.
It is most commonly used against a partner who is using intimate terrorism.
It includes behaviour such as hitting a partner with a hard object or assault with weapons.
While the distinction between severe and moderate violence is common in the research literature, it is important to remember that the injuries resulting from physical violence depend on many factors, including the vulnerability of the victim (e.g., disability or a prior history of abuse), the victim’s resilience, and the social support that he or she receives, including personal and wider social supports.
It includes a range of assaults, from pushing, shoving and grabbing to choking, burning and assaulting with a weapon.