) Zoroaster was married three times and had several sons and daughters. Buddha, who is also known as Siddhartha (his given name), Gautama (his family name) and Sakyamuni (sage of the Sakya) was born in Kapilavastu, now in southern Nepal.
His father Suddhodana was a rajah of the Sakya clan. At the age of nineteen Gautama was married to the beautiful princess Yasodhara, who bore him a son Rahula.
There he sat under the Bodhi tree (a gigantic fig tree) and determined to stay until he received Enlightenment.
Forty-nine days later he was illuminated, becoming the Buddha, which means "Enlightened One." Buddha preached his first sermons in Benares when he was thirty-five.
After the data become clear, we will be able to see where the uniqueness of Jesus lies. But even the earliest traditions, separated as they are by a century or two from Buddha's time, are not free from amplification. Winternitz observes, "Even what are generally considered to be our oldest documents, the texts of the Pali Tipitaka, speak of Buddha often enough as a superhuman being, and tell us more of the legendary man than of the historical Buddha." Socrates (469-399 B. We are fortunate in having the accounts of two of Socrates' own disciples, Plato and Xenophon, as well as notices collected by Diogenes Laertius (third century A. We cannot accept these accounts uncritically, of course, because it is difficult to know how much of Plato's dialogues is really Socratic and how much Platonic. In the we have numerous oral traditions about the words and actions of Muhammad, traditions involving even such details as his regularly brushing his teeth. There is some dispute over the identity of the authors, but it is generally held that Matthew, a converted tax-collector, and John, a fisherman, were two of Jesus' apostles.
SOURCES From a historian's point of view there are serious disparities in the sources available for reconstructing the lives of Zoroaster, Buddha, Socrates, Muhammad and Jesus. We have what appear to be the genuine sayings of Zoroaster in the . Some two centuries after the prophet's death Al-Bukhari sifted through some 600,000 traditions to obtain 7,000 Hadith which he thought were genuine. Mark was an eyewitness as Jesus and the apostles met in his home, and later he learned more about Jesus from Peter, whom, according to Irenaeus, he served as an interpreter.
Socrates remarked that if he could master Xanthippe he could easily adapt himself to the rest of the world. Although Muslims may be married only to four wives, Muhammad himself did not abide by this limit, having ten wives and additional concubines. D., miscalculated the reign of Octavian-Augustus by at least four years.
But Socrates might well have paid more attention to the material needs of their three sons. One of his favorites was A'isha, who came to Muhammad when she was but nine, bringing her toys with her. 533), who devised our modern calendar with its reckoning B. Since Herod the Great died just after an eclipse of the moon which can be placed at 4 B. and since he was still alive at Jesus' birth, Jesus must have been born before this date.We need to distinguish sharply between first-hand or nearly contemporary sources and later apocryphal and legendary materials. The mass of Zoroastrian texts, however, are in late Pahlavi recensions (ninth century A. Contemporary Old Persian cuneiform inscriptions betray at best only allusions to early Zoroastrianism. The first life of Muhammad, based on the Qur'an and the Hadith, is the ninth-century by Ibn Hisham. Luke, a physician who accompanied Paul, made use of eyewitness accounts for his Gospel.Some Greek and Arabic authors also allude to Zoroaster. Mark, the earliest Gospel, may have been written as early as A. 50; Jesus spoke in Aramaic, but the Gospels are in Greek.He succeeded in converting some of his kinsmen and also Hystaspes, a king in northeastern Iran.When his new teaching met strong opposition, he responded by pronouncing curses upon his opponents.I should say: Confucius and Lao-tse; the Buddha; the Prophets of Israel and Judah; Zoroaster, Jesus, and Muhammad; and Socrates.""To maintain that each of these leaders is equivalent is not to argue from tolerance but from ignorance.