Although far from a peaceful rule, the Napoleanic era has been accredited with the development of a legal system and infrastructure within Dalmatia.
The name of their own island stems from the legend about the nymph Kerkyra, who was held captive on the island by the God of the sea, Zeus.
When the Greeks first sighted Korcula Island they were in awe of the dense forests covering the hills which gave it the illusion of blackness.
Alongside the Moreska two other sword dances take place on Korcula Island, these being a one sword dance; the Kumpanija, which can be seen in several of the island’s villages and the Mostra which is from the village of Zrnovo.
The Kumpanija is named after an old organized village army whose purpose was to protect Korcula and the far western village of Blato.
In 1806 Napolean and his French forces took control of Dalmatia which included Korcula.
During the following few years a power struggle over Korcula took place between Napolean and Russia, as an extension of the war that was raging between the two nations.They took the name of their own island Corkyra, and added to it “Melaina”, which means black or dark skinned. Image: Korcula 3 – Corkyra Melaina – Black Island 4) Some unlikely rulers Throughout the centuries Korcula has been under the control of a flurry of civilisations all shaping the landscape and culture of the island, from the Ilyrians, to the Greeks, to the Venetians, to the Austrians.Amongst these powers there has been a couple of surprise and short-lived rulers.TCN continues its 25 Things to Know about Croatia on March 8, 2016, with a look at one of the true gems of Dalmatia - the island of Korcula.We are delighted to welcome local expat experts John and Rachael, owners of the highly recommended Korcula Explorer, for their inside take on the island which has become their adopted home since 2010.As one of the earliest discovered documents in Croatia, it provides valuable information about the Greek colonists, as well as the democratic way the people divided the land and harmoniously lived side by side.