‘Parents often ask us: “But if you do not beat them, how do you discipline your children?
” We maintain that you can get very far with words and that the child-parent relationship should not have to regress into violence.
And parents are not jailed for a single spanking, just as adults are not imprisoned for slapping another adult once.
Research also shows that serious child abuse decreases when countries abolish corporal punishment.
‘Small children below the age of five or six lack the mental capacity to comprehend the reasons for a spanking’, Janson says.
‘Nor can they remember that reason from one time to another. About five per cent of all children are still spanked, despite the ban.
Straus and Mallie Paschall, senior research scientist at the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, studied nationally representative samples of 806 children ages 2 to 4, and 704 ages 5 to 9. IQs of children ages 2 to 4 who were not spanked were 5 points higher four years later than the IQs of those who were spanked.
The IQs of children ages 5 to 9 years old who were not spanked were 2.8 points higher four years later than the IQs of children the same age who were spanked. The more spanking the, the slower the development of the child's mental ability.
Usually people become very interested in alternative methods.’ Every now and then, Sarajärvi has to counter serious misunderstandings about the law.
‘People may say that “juvenile delinquency has increased rapidly” in Sweden since 1979, that “many parents are sent to jail for spanking” and that “child murders have increased”, none of which is true’, she says.
25, 2009, at the 14th International Conference on Violence, Abuse and Trauma, in San Diego, Calif. This research shows that avoiding spanking and correcting misbehavior in other ways can help that happen," Straus says.
"The results of this research have major implications for the well being of children across the globe." "It is time for psychologists to recognize the need to help parents end the use of corporal punishment and incorporate that objective into their teaching and clinical practice.
‘Also, since more children attended preschool, it became increasingly difficult for abusive parents to hide their children’s bruises.