This is in dramatic contrast with the country's average width, which does not exceed 221 miles (356 kilometers).
In the northern provinces near Bolivia, Aymará Indians have been able to preserve many aspects of their Andean culture.
In the southern region the Mapuche Indians are a large cultural group who strongly contributed to the formation of Chilean culture.
Nevertheless, many Chileans are often not even aware of their ethnic and cultural backgrounds and they firmly embrace the dominant culture of mainstream society. Chilean culture is located within the confines of the Republic of Chile, although today some 800,000 Chileans are living abroad.
Most of them left the country since the mid-1970s as a result of the political and economic hardships of the military regime that ruled from 1973 to 1990.
Almost six million people live in the metropolitan region of Santiago, while the northern and southern regions are sparsely populated.
Most Chileans (84 percent) reside in urban areas, while the rest live in an increasingly urbanized rural environment.
In Eastern Island the two thousand native inhabitants speak their own language of Polynesian origin.
Chileans of foreign ancestry do sometime also speak their mother tongue but do so almost exclusively in the intimacy of their home.
Chile is a large and narrow strip situated in southwest South America, bounded on the north by Peru, on the east by Bolivia and Argentina, and on the west and south by the Pacific Ocean.