Prior to that, the earliest human remains found in the Philippines were thought to be the fossilized fragments of a skull and jawbone, discovered in the 1960s by Dr. These include the Homo sapiens, as distinguished from the mid-Pleistocene Homo erectus species.
However the ABAKADA is only the alphabet of the Tagalogs as other ethnic nations also have their own alphabets and/or writing scripts and these other ethnic nations did have the letter "F" in their alphabets.
Use of the term "Filipino" in the Philippines started during the Spanish colonial period.
An earlier cave level lies so far below the level containing cooking fire assemblages that it must represent Upper Pleistocene dates like 45 or 50 thousand years ago.
Researchers say this indicates that the human remains were pre-Mongoloid, from about 40,000 years ago.
Among the Visayans, the tumao were further distinguished from the immediate royal families, the kadatuan or a ruling class.
Maharlika – Members of the Tagalog warrior class known as maharlika had the same rights and responsibilities as the timawa, but in times of war they were bound to serve their datu in battle.
In the years leading up to 1000 CE, there were already several maritime societies existing in the islands but there was no unifying political state encompassing the entire Philippine archipelago.
Instead, the region was dotted by numerous semi-autonomous barangays (settlements ranging is size from villages to city-states) under the sovereignty of competing thalassocracies ruled by datus, rajahs or sultans or by upland agricultural societies ruled by "petty plutocrats".
Even scattered barangays, through the development of inter-island and international trade, became more culturally homogeneous by the 4th century.